Doctor speaking to young girl with a comforting hand on her shoulder.

Who is Most at Risk of HIV?

What is HIV?

When someone is diagnosed with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), they have a virus that attacks their immune system. When left untreated, it can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), which is the most severe stage of an HIV infection. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, but symptoms can be managed. Here’s what you need to know about the risks of contracting HIV.

HIV Risk Factors

Anyone can be at risk of contracting HIV. However, some risk factors can increase the likelihood of someone being afflicted with this virus, including:

  • Having unprotected sex - having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone infected with HIV can pass the virus through mouth sores or small tears that may develop in the rectum or vagina during sexual activity.
  • Having an STI (sexually transmitted infection) - STIs that produce open sores, such as herpes, can be a portal in which HIV can enter the body.
  • Using IV drugs - sharing needles and syringes can expose you to blood droplets of others who may be infected.

According to, the following groups of people are disproportionately at higher risk of developing HIV:

  • African American gay and bisexual men
  • Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men
  • Transgender women who have sex with men

Initial Symptoms of HIV

Primary symptoms of HIV may include:

  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Rashes
  • Sore throat
  • Painful mouth ulcers
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Diarrhea
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Coughing
  • Night sweats

The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. If you are experiencing the above symptoms, speak to your doctor as soon as possible before it progresses to advanced stages which can lead to AIDS.

Contracted HIV From a Partner? We’re Here to Help.

If you contracted HIV from a sexual partner who failed to inform you of their STD status, you might have grounds to file an STD lawsuit. Pursuing an STD claim can help provide you with the means to afford your medical bills and compensate you for lost wages, pain and suffering, and more. We understand that speaking out against someone who gave you an STD is a personal and private matter. Our attorneys are here to help you through this difficult time while ensuring your privacy is protected.

Contact KMD Law at (833) 456-3529 to schedule a consultation.