sad woman with her partner

Understanding the Most Common Incurable STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remain a major public health issue globally. While many STDs are treatable and can be cured with medications, there are a few that are currently incurable. These infections often require lifelong management and can have significant impacts on health and well-being.

1. Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can become chronic, leading to long-term liver issues such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. Transmission occurs through contact with the blood, semen, or other body fluids of an infected person.

This can happen through sexual contact, sharing needles, or from mother to child during childbirth. Although there is no cure for chronic hepatitis B, it can be prevented with vaccination.

2. Herpes

Herpes is caused by two types of viruses:

  • Type 1 (HSV-1)
  • Type 2 (HSV-2)

HSV-1 typically causes oral herpes, leading to cold sores or fever blisters around the mouth. HSV-2 is primarily associated with genital herpes, which causes sores around the genitals or rectum. However, both types can cause symptoms in either area.

While there is no cure for herpes, antiviral medications can help manage outbreaks, reduce symptoms, and decrease the risk of transmission to others.

3. HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. If not treated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), where the immune system is severely damaged and becomes unable to fight off infections and disease.

Though no cure exists for HIV, antiretroviral therapy (ART) can dramatically prolong the lives of many people infected with HIV.

4. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide. There are many different types of HPV, and while some cause no symptoms and resolve spontaneously, others can cause genital warts or lead to cancers.

HPV is transmitted through intimate skin-to-skin contact, which can include vaginal, anal, or oral sex. While there is no cure for HPV, many cases are preventable through a vaccine that protects against the types of HPV most likely to cause cancer or genital warts.

Legal Options After Contracting an STD

If you've contracted an STD, understanding your legal options is an important step towards addressing the situation. Here are some potential legal avenues you might consider:

  • Disclosure Lawsuits: If the person who transmitted the STD knew they were infected and did not inform you, you might have grounds for a lawsuit based on their failure to disclose.
  • Negligence Claims: You could potentially file a claim for negligence if the person responsible acted carelessly in not preventing the transmission of the STD.
  • Intentional Infliction: If someone intentionally transmits an STD to you, you might be able to claim for emotional distress.
  • Criminal Charges: In some jurisdictions, knowingly transmitting an STD can be a criminal offense.
  • Civil Battery Claims: If transmission occurred under coercive or non-consensual circumstances, it might also be considered a civil case of battery.
  • Workers’ Compensation: If the contraction of the STD was related to your employment, workers’ compensation might be applicable.
  • Insurance Claims: Depending on the circumstances and your insurance policy, you might be able to file a claim for medical costs associated with the STD.

Understanding these options and consulting with a legal professional specializing in such cases can provide you with the best course of action based on your specific situation.

Reach out to KMD Law today at (833) 456-3529 to learn more.